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Signs of Eye and Vision Problems in Infants

Infant Eyesight

Despite nine months of growth in utero, babies are not born with fully developed eyes and vision - just like they can't walk or talk yet. Over the first few months of life, their visual systems continue to progress, stimulated by their surroundings.

Babies will develop the ability to track objects, focus their eyes, and move them like a team. Their visual acuity will improve and they will gradually be able to see more colors. They will also form the neural connections that will allow them to process what they see, to understand and interact with the world around them. 

Healthy eyes and good vision are necessary for proper and timely progress; ocular or visual problems can lead to developmental delays. 

So how do you know if your infant is developing normally? What can you do to ensure your baby's eye health and vision are on track? While infant eye problems are not common here are some steps you can take to ensure your child's eyes are healthy. 

#1 Schedule a six month check-up.

It is recommended to get the first professional comprehensive eye and vision exam for your child between six and 12 months of age. 

Your optometrist should check for the following skills at the 6-month checkup:

  • Visual acuity (nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism)
  • Eye muscle and movement capabilities
  • Eye health

If you have any concerns prior to six months, don't hesitate to take your baby for an exam earlier. 

#2 Engage in visually stimulating play.

Incorporating visually stimulating play for your child will help develop visual processes like eye tracking and eye teaming. 

A baby's initial focusing distance is 20-30 cm, so to nurture healthy vision skills, keep high contrast "reach and touch" toys within this distance. Alternate right and left sides with each feeding, and provide toys that encourage tracking of moving objects to foster eye-hand coordination and depth perception.

Pediatricians in North America recommend that NO screen time be allowed under the age of 2, as many forms of development may be delayed from premature use of digital devices. 

#3 Be alert to eye and vision problems.

Keep an eye out for indications of an eye health problem, and contact an eye doctor to discuss any concerns you may have. Some symptoms to pay attention to include:

  • Red eyes or eyelids, which may or may not be accompanied by discharge and crusty lids. This may indicate an eye infection that can be very contagious and may require medication. 
  • Excessive eye watering or tearing. This may be caused by a problem with the tear ducts, such as a blockage.
  • Extreme light sensitivity. While some light sensitivity is normal, significant sensitivity to light can be a sign of disease or elevated eye pressure. 
  • Eye “jiggling” or bouncing. This suggests a problem with the muscle control of the eyes.
  • Eye turn. Whether it is an eye that seems to cross in or a “lazy eye” that turns out, this is often associated with a refractive error or eye muscle issues that could require treatment such as eyeglasses, vision therapy, patching or surgery.
  • White pupil. This can be a sign of a number of diseases, including cancer. If you see this have it checked out immediately. 

Since your infant's eyes are still maturing, any issues that are found can likely be corrected with proper care and treatment. The important thing is to find a pediatric eye care provider that you trust because you will want to regularly check the health of your child's eyes to ensure proper learning and development throughout infancy and beyond.

January 10, 2022

To All Our Established Patients,

The office of Dr. Michael J. Morris has enjoyed serving patients at our Hillview (approximately 15 years) and Shepherdsville (approximately 5 years) office locations. Due to staffing shortages and other challenges related to the pandemic, the decision has been made to cease seeing patients at these two locations effective January 15, 2022. I will start seeing established patients and new patients starting January 17, 2022 at Visionworks Doctors of Optometry, located at 4655 Outer Loop, Louisville, KY 40129). This practice is between the Red Lobster and  McAlister's Deli on OuterLoop (going toward the Jefferson Mall). I will see patients there on Mondays, Fridays, and Saturdays. I look forward to continuing to serve your eye care needs at this location.  The office number to the new location is (502) 966-2020. When calling for an appointment, please request me by name and the staff will ensure that I see you at your appointment time. In addition, the office telephone number you have contacted me at previously (502) 968-2720 will still be active for leaving messages and requesting glasses or contact lens prescription or any other information in your file. The messages will be checked daily, please allow additional time to return your calls during this time of transition.

Sincerely,

Dr. Michael J. Morris, OD

To Book Appointment with Dr. Michael J. Morris, OD, Please contact the new location at

(502)966-2020 

https://locations.visionworks.com/ll/US/KY/Louisville/4655-Outer-Loop

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Dr. Michael J. Morris, OD has moved to: Visionworks Doctors of Optometry Located at 4655 Outer Loop, Louisville, KY 40129

To Book Appointment with Dr. Michael J. Morris, OD, please contact the new location at (502)966-2020 https://locations.visionworks.com/ll/US/KY/Louisville/4655-Outer-Loop